Bachmann Europe plc

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WD Austerity 2-8-0 77003 LNER Black (Revised)

WD Austerity 2-8-0 77003 LNER Black (Revised)


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WD Austerity 2-8-0 77003 LNER Plain Black


Built: 1943 – 1945

Built for: War Department (later used by LNER / BR)

Designed by: Robert A. Riddles

Duties: freight

Wheels: 2-8-0



• Excellent haulage capacity

• Detailed accessory pack

• Adjustable tender draw-bar length

• Sprung buffers



June 6, 1944 witnessed the Allied invasion of Occupied Europe – code named Operation Overlord, this major event in World War 2 history, placed a great strain on the railway companies. The logistics of this massive military operation called for the shipping of steam locomotives to Europe, for use on munitions and troop trains, to replace continental engines devastated by bombardment or sabotage.


As a chronic shortage of suitable locomotives existed, R. A. Riddles, then Director of Transportation at the Ministry of Supply, realized that vast numbers of purpose-built heavy freight locomotives would have to be constructed quickly. A ‘value engineering’ analysis was undertaken for a new heavy locomotive specification based on Stanier’s 8F 2-8-0, with the capability of handling 1000 ton trains at 40mph. The simplicity of its construction reduced the labour content by around 20%.


In total, 935 locomotives were built, making this the most-produced British class of steam locomotives. Despite their original purpose, a considerable number never saw wartime service and the LNER absorbed many, which became designated Class 07.

No documents available.

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